Bye-Bye Booster: What You Should Know About Seat Belts and Older Kids

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I was on the road recently when I spied a couple that appeared to be coming home from the hospital with their new baby. The dad was driving; the mom was in the backseat sitting next the center-positioned infant-safety seat. How did I know they were fresh out of the hospital? They were driving about 10 mph slower than everyone else. I remember that day with both my kids, and in the blink of an eye, I found myself cleaning the garage, wondering if I needed to hold on to my child-safety seats any longer.

Car Seat Basics Part Three: Beyond the Booster

Kids can move out of car seats when they are 4 feet 9 inches tall and between 8 and 12 years old, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. They should always use a seat belt and sit in the rear seat for the best protection.

My kids, ages 11 and 9, no longer need car seats. It's weird. I feel like I'm breaking the rules. Like, all they need to do is buckle up? It feels so strange that I decided to make sure I wasn't breaking any laws or missing some important memo about making sure my kids were still safe in the car.

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When kids move out of a booster seat to use a seat belt exclusively, it's important to make sure they're using the belt correctly. The American Academy of Pediatrics provides guidelines for this:

  • A child should be tall enough to sit without slouching with his back against the vehicle seat.
  • The knees should be naturally bent over the car's seat with the feet hanging down or flat on the floor.
  • The seat belt's lap portion should sit snug across the child's hips - not the belly.
  • The shoulder belt should lie across the child's chest and shoulder - not the neck or face.

That's not all. Never allow a kid to tuck the shoulder belt under his arm or behind his neck. While some seat belts have built-in height adjusters, do not use aftermarket adjusters. The backseat's center seat is still the safest position, and my kids like it because they can see out the front.

Safety experts agree that kids should ride in the backseat until age 13, and some even advocate children staying back there until they're of driving age. That's because the force from deployed front-impact airbags can injure or kill young children. While many vehicles have sensors to turn off the airbag, if the passenger weighs less than 80 pounds, it's ideal to keep the kids in the rear seats.

But what if your child meets all the criteria and you can't put off the move to the front seat? Like anywhere else in the vehicle, make sure the seat belt is used properly every time. Also, move the front passenger seat as far away from the airbag as possible, which may reduce injury related to the airbag's deployment in a collision. I'd also add that this isn't the time to relax your own good driving habits. These kids are going to be driving soon (in another blink of the eye), so be sure you're still being a good role model.

Going through this transition out of safety seats and into seat belts and eventually the front seat is another one of those reminders that kids are growing fast. I'm sure tomorrow I'll be writing about teen driving tips, but until then I'll be following the recommended safety guidelines for child passengers no matter where they sit in the car.

Cars.com photos by Sara Lacey

By Sara Lacey | March 5, 2014 | Comments (3)

Comments 

Mike/CTMechE

Makes you think about why we don't have 4 or 5-point seatbelts for the rest of us in cars, doesn't it?

That's been my argument for quite some time. I'm a mechanical engineer and a racing fan, and even though my kid's still 3 years old and in a convertible seat, it bothers me that there's not nearly the same follow-through for older humans.

Why do I say "racing fan?" Look at every racing car seat for the last 40+ years - they look remarkably like an adult version of a forward facing car seat, don't they? And none of them use airbags.

Yet carmakers can't legally even *offer* 4- or 5-point seatbelts in US road vehicles at this point.

And the only reason I suspect is that the government favors higher average seatbelt usage rates over individual seatbelt-wearer safety.

Ford has patents for 4-point belt designs, but as yet, cannot offer them for sale, even as an option.

My daughter will be just as precious to me when she's a teenager as she was the day I drove her home.

It's time for a law change, don't you think? Allow the market to improve for the rest of us, not just for little kids.

RIP Kaizan

Mike, best comment I've ever seen here, I agree!

Eric S

I actually think just by looking at the picture that the girl with the seat belt on needs a booster seat because the lap belt goes across her stomach and in a crash she could have a serious abdominal injury. As for the boy I don't know because he is not wearing the seat belt in the picture but he looks about the girls height so I would guess that he needs a booster seat still too. My 11 year old son is still in a booster seat, he is 4 ft 7 in and 60 lbs.

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